what are the three most common types of hits used in the game of volleyball?

Discover the Three Most Common Volleyball Hits


Unleashing Power in the Volleyball Game: The Three Most Common Types of Hits

If you’ve ever wondered, what are the three most common types of hits used in the game of volleyball? then this is your one-stop resource. Understanding these basic hits is key to improving your gameplay and becoming a valuable player on any volleyball team.

The Overhead Hit or Spike

This powerful hit is what most people picture when they think about a player hitting a volleyball. A spike involves multiple players approaching the net, with one jumping high into the air to smash the ball down onto the opposing team’s court. It’s an important hit that can score points quickly if executed correctly.

The Forearm Pass or Bump

This is often how players return hard-hit balls from their opponents. With arms extended and hands interlocked, players aim to make contact with their forearms so that the ball bounces back up into play – hence why some players call it ‘bumping’. This defensive move can be performed by anyone on the court but it’s usually done by those positioned at the back row like libero or defensive specialist.

Serving: Underhand and Overhand Serve

In every volley match, serving sets off each rally – where either an underhand serve for beginners or overhand serve for more advanced games takes place. An overhand serve, also known as a jump serve sometimes, requires swinging the arm back before striking through the ball overhead; creating not just power but spin too which makes it harder for the receiving team to control the return. On the other hand, an underhand serve is a basic hit where the player holds the ball in one hand and swings their other arm underneath to send it over the net.

Remember that each type of hit requires practice to master. So whether you’re serving up an advanced serve or making those crucial one-armed saves during a game, remember – every successful volleyball team needs players who can execute these main types of hits!

The Forearm Pass

One of the most fundamental skills in volleyball is the forearm pass, also known as the bump or dig. This basic hit is essential for receiving serves, defending against spikes, and keeping the ball in play during a volleyball game. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced player hitting on your school’s volleyball team, mastering this technique will help improve your overall performance.

Importance of Mastering Proper Forearm Pass Technique

A successful forearm pass requires proper technique to ensure accuracy and control when sending the ball back over to the opposing team’s court. When multiple players are approaching a hard-hit ball, it’s crucial that they call out their intentions early to avoid collisions and miscommunications. As soon as you see where the ball bounces after being served by an opponent or spiked by another player on your team, position yourself under it with arms extended parallel to each other.

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Making contact with both forearms simultaneously ensures that power from one arm doesn’t overpower its counterpart – resulting in greater consistency when directing balls towards teammates who can then execute more advanced moves like jump serves or powerful hits into enemy territory.

Tips for Improving Accuracy and Control During Forearm Passes

  1. Positioning: Make sure you’re standing at least two feet away from where you expect the ball to land so that your body has room for adjustment if needed before making contact with it using only forearms instead of hands which could result in illegal touches according to penalties assessed by referees during games.
  2. Breathing: Take deep breaths while preparing yourself mentally prior to executing any type of action within sports, including those related specifically to performing accurate forearm passes. Doing so helps relax muscles, allowing them to function optimally under pressure situations encountered frequently throughout matches played against other teams.
  3. Follow-through: After contacting the ball with your forearms, make sure to follow through by extending your arms and directing them towards the target. This will help guide the ball in its intended direction and increase accuracy.

If you’re looking for more tips on improving your forearm pass technique or want to learn about other essential skills in volleyball, check out our resources at Volleyball Vantage. Our website is dedicated to helping players of all levels enjoy the game while learning valuable information from experienced volleyball coaches and enthusiasts alike.

Setting Up Success

One of the most crucial skills in a volleyball game is setting. As a setter, you have the responsibility to use your fingertips to deliver accurate passes tailored to your teammates’ strengths and weaknesses. Setters play an essential role in orchestrating offensive plays by selecting hitters and providing them with quality balls for attack. In this section, we’ll discuss the key responsibilities of setters on a volleyball team and explore communication strategies between setters and hitters.

Key Responsibilities of Setters on a Volleyball Team

  • Distributing the ball: The primary task of a setter is to distribute the ball effectively among their teammates, ensuring that each player gets an opportunity to hit while also considering individual hitting preferences.
  • Maintaining tempo: A good setter should be able to control the pace of their team’s offense by varying set heights and speeds based on specific situations during gameplay.
  • Vision: Being aware of both teams’ court positioning allows setters to make informed decisions about where to best place balls for successful attacks against opponents’ defenses or exploiting gaps within opposing teams’ formations.

Communication Strategies Between Setters And Hitters

Effective communication between setters and hitters can greatly enhance overall team performance. Here are some tips for improving coordination:

  • Call out plays early: Before initiating any play, it’s important that both players call out their intentions so they know what type of action to expect from one another (e.g., “quick set,” “back row attack”).
  • Use non-verbal cues: Sometimes, in noisy environments or when multiple players are approaching simultaneously, it can be helpful to rely on hand signals to convey information about desired set types without having to shout over crowd noise.
  • Establish trust: Building rapport between setters and hitters is essential in ensuring seamless execution during matches. This includes practicing together regularly and discussing preferences and feedback after games so both parties better understand each other’s needs and expectations.

By honing your setting abilities and developing productive dialogue with fellow players, you can be an essential component of any volleyball squad. So get out there, practice hard, and watch as your team’s offensive strategies soar.

Key Takeaway: 

This section discusses the key responsibilities of setters on a volleyball team, including distributing the ball effectively among teammates and maintaining tempo. Effective communication between setters and hitters is also crucial for improving coordination, which can be achieved through calling out plays early, using non-verbal cues, and establishing trust.

Powering Through Spikes

Spiking (or attacking) refers to hitting the ball overhand into opponents’ court aiming at scoring points directly or creating opportunities for subsequent attacks during rallies. Effective spikers need not only physical strength but also good timing when approaching balls coming from sets delivered by teammates. In this section, we’ll explore techniques for increasing power behind spikes and tips for successful spike execution.

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Techniques for Increasing Power Behind Spikes

To generate a powerful hit, players must focus on their approach, arm swing, and body positioning. Here are some key elements to consider:

  • Momentum: A strong approach involves taking three steps towards the net with an explosive jump off both feet. This momentum helps generate more force behind your hit.
  • Arm Swing: As you prepare to strike the ball, pull your dominant arm back while keeping your elbow high above shoulder level. Then swing forward quickly using a whipping motion that transfers energy from your core muscles through your arm and hand.
  • Contact Point: Aim to make contact with the ball at its highest point in front of you so that it’s easier to direct downward onto the opposing teama€™s court (source). Also ensure proper wrist snap upon impact which adds topspin making it harder for defenders to dig up.

Timing Tips for Successful Spike Execution

In addition to technique improvements, mastering timing is crucial in becoming an effective attacker in volleyball games. Consider these tips as you practice:

  1. Avoid rushing: Players often make the mistake of starting their approach too early, resulting in a weak hit or mistiming altogether. Wait for your setter to initiate the play before beginning your run.
  2. Watch the ball: Keep an eye on the trajectory and speed of the set as it comes towards you so that you can adjust your approach accordingly (source). This will help ensure proper positioning when striking.
  3. Maintain communication with teammates: Talk to your setters about preferred sets and give feedback after each attempt. Good communication helps build trust and understanding between players, leading to better timing during matches.

Incorporating these techniques into practice sessions will not only improve individual hitting skills but also contribute significantly to overall team success. So go ahead, power up those spikes.

Variations Within Each Type of Hit

As players advance through different levels of competition or participate in alternative forms such as beach volleyball or snow volleyball, they will encounter variations within each type requiring them to adapt their techniques accordingly. This section highlights some common hit variations and how to master them.

The Jump Serve: An Advanced Overhead Hit

An advanced serve that many intermediate and advanced players use is the jump serve. This powerful hit involves a player hitting the ball with an overhead motion while jumping off the ground, adding extra power and speed to their serve. To execute this move effectively, focus on your approach by taking a few steps back from the baseline before starting your run-up. As you approach the ball, make sure to toss it high enough for you to jump into it at its peak height. For more tips on mastering this skillful technique, check out our article on jump serves.

Back Row Attacks: Expanding Offensive Options

In addition to front row hitters who are responsible for most attacks during a volleyball game, back row players can also contribute offensively through what’s known as a “back-row attack.” A back-row attack occurs when a player hitting from behind the 10-foot line (also called “the three-meter line”) jumps before contacting the ball so that no part of their body touches any portion of this boundary upon landing. Back row attacks require excellent timing between setters and hitters since balls must be set higher than usual due to increased distance traveled by attackers.

Tips for Successful Back Row Attacks:

  • Communication: Make sure to communicate with your setter about the type of set you prefer for a back-row attack, such as a high ball or a faster-paced shoot.
  • Approach: Take an angled approach towards the ball, allowing yourself enough space to jump and hit effectively without crossing the 10-foot line.
  • Timing: Focus on timing your jump correctly so that you can contact the ball at its highest point while maintaining control over your swing direction.
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Pancake Digs: One-Armed Saves in Desperate Situations

Sometimes during intense rallies, defensive specialists must resort to one-armed saves called “pancake digs” when they cannot reach balls using traditional forearm passes. Pancake digs involve players sliding their hand flat on the floor beneath balls just before they touch down, causing them to bounce off hands instead of hitting ground directly. Although not ideal due to decreased accuracy compared with standard digs, pancake saves can be game-changers when executed successfully under pressure situations.

To learn more about these variations and other advanced volleyball techniques, explore our comprehensive library of articles and resources here at Volleyball Vantage.

Expanding Offensive Strategies

In the thrilling game of volleyball, players must constantly adapt and expand their offensive strategies to keep opponents on their toes. By practicing various techniques like tooling blocks, line shots, and cross-court attacks, athletes can diversify their plays and become more unpredictable on the court.

Tooling Blocks: How to Use Opponents’ Defenses Against Them

One clever way for a player hitting the ball is to use an opponent’s block against them. 

This technique, known as tooling, involves deflecting the ball off blockers’ hands so that it lands out-of-bounds on the opposing teama€™s court. To master this skill:

  • Aim for the edges of your opponent’s arms or fingers when spiking.
  • Maintain good control over your swing speed and direction.
  • Learn how to read blockers’ positioning in order to exploit any gaps or weaknesses in their defense.

Line Shots and Cross-Court Attacks: Diversifying Offensive Plays for Unpredictability

Becoming proficient at different types of hits will make you a valuable asset to your volleyball team. Line shots are powerful hits that travel parallel to sidelines within court boundaries; they require precision but can be very effective if executed correctly. 

On the other hand, cross-court attacks involve targeting specific zones on opposing teams’ side with hard hit balls from multiple angles – these plays demand both accuracy and power from hitters.

To improve your line shot skills:

  1. Familiarize yourself with proper footwork during approach jumps (e.g., left-right-left for right-handed players).
  2. Focus on keeping your arm back and high during the swing, generating more power behind each hit.
  3. Practice various hitting techniques to increase accuracy and control over ball trajectory.

To excel at cross-court attacks:

  1. Coordinate with setters to ensure optimal timing for both player approaches and ball touches.
  2. Maintain a wide range of vision when preparing to spike – this will help you spot gaps in opponents’ defenses that can be exploited.
  3. Study advanced serve strategies, such as jump serves or overhead hits, which can create opportunities for powerful cross-court plays.

By mastering these offensive skills, volleyball enthusiasts can become formidable forces on the court while also making the game even more exciting for spectators.

FAQs about What Are the Three Most Common Types of Hits Used in the Game of Volleyball?

What are the three main hits used while playing volleyball?

The three most common types of hits in volleyball are the forearm pass, also known as a bump or dig; setting, which involves accurately positioning the ball for an attack; and spiking or hitting, where players jump and strike the ball to send it forcefully into the opponent’s court. Mastering these techniques is essential for successful gameplay.

What is a hit in volleyball?

A hit in volleyball refers to any contact made with the ball using a player’s hands or arms during gameplay. Hits can be offensive (e.g., spikes) or defensive (e.g., digs), and they serve various purposes such as passing, setting up attacks, blocking opponents’ shots, and scoring points. Proper technique ensures effective execution of each type of hit.

How many hits in volleyball?

In general play, each team has up to three consecutive hits before sending the ball back over the net to their opponents’ side. The sequence typically consists of a pass (first hit), set (second hit), and spike/attack (third hit). Teams must avoid letting the ball touch their court surface after an opponent’s attack without making at least one legal contact first.


What are the three most common types of hits used in the game of volleyball?

Overall, the three most common types of hits used in volleyball are the forearm pass, setting skills, and spiking techniques. 

Each type requires proper technique and communication between players to execute effectively. Variations within each type also exist, such as quick sets and hard-driven hits.

If you’re looking to improve your hitting skills in volleyball or just want to learn more about the sport, check out Volleyball Vantage.

With a variety of resources available for beginners to advanced players, you’ll be able to take your game to the next level.