volleyball techniques

Volleyball Techniques: Essential Skills for Every Player


No matter your level of expertise, getting the basics volleyball techniques is essential for success. This blog post will provide an in-depth look at six major techniques that every player should strive to perfect.

Serving, passing, setting, hitting or spiking, blocking, and digging are all crucial aspects of a well-rounded volleyball game.

 By focusing on these areas and continuously refining your skills through practice and proper coaching methods, you can elevate your performance on the court.

In addition to exploring these core techniques, we will also delve into ways to build mental toughness in volleyball players – a critical component often overlooked but vital for success in high-pressure situations. Get ready to take your game to new heights as we dive deep into the world of advanced volleyball techniques.

Mastering the Six Major Volleyball Techniques

To excel in volleyball, players must develop proficiency in six essential skills: serving, passing, setting, hitting, blocking, and digging. 

These techniques can be a major factor in an individual’s court performance and help their team to thrive. 

Let’s dive into each of these crucial skills.

  • Serving for consistent pressure on opponents: A powerful serve can put your opponents on their back foot right from the start. Learn how to execute a variety of serves like overhand serve, jump float serve or even a top-spin jump serve.
  • Passing with precision and anticipation: Accurate passes are key to setting up successful attacks. Improve your passing by working on your court vision and positioning yourself correctly based on where you anticipate the ball will land.
  • Setting up teammates for successful attacks: As a setter, it is vital that you provide perfect sets for your hitters. Focus on hand positioning tips such as wide fingers with thumbs up while maintaining quick movement into position.
  • Hitting or spiking aggressively to score points: To become an effective hitter or spiker regardless of height differences among players is essential. Develop a powerful spike technique through proper approach timing and arm swing mechanics.
  • Blocking as a crucial part of defensive strategies: Master shuffle steps/crossover steps alongside staying agile during blocking plays so you’re able react rapidly changes direction trajectory incoming balls without losing balance stability needed jump high enough block attempts made above net height limit allowed rule book specifications governing international matches held under supervision FIVB (Federation Internationale Volleyball).
  • Digging to recover balls effectively: From a low defensive stance, employ rolling techniques and extend your arms fully forward in the direction of body momentum to keep the ball in play close surfaces by anticipating opponent’s next move might take place.

Now that you have an overview of these six essential volleyball techniques, it’s time to start practicing and perfecting each skill. Good luck.

Key Takeaway: 

To excel in volleyball, players must master six essential skills: serving, passing, setting, hitting, blocking and digging. 

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A powerful serve can put your opponents on their back foot right from the start while accurate passes are key to setting up successful attacks. 

As a setter it’s vital that you provide perfect sets for your hitters and develop a powerful spike technique through proper approach timing and arm swing mechanics.

Perfecting Your Serve Technique

To ensure a successful start to the game, it is essential for players to develop an effective serve technique. 

To perfect this technique, you must focus on three key elements: establishing a pre-serve routine, maintaining proper body posture, and exploring various types of serves.

Establishing a Pre-Serve Routine

A consistent pre-serve routine helps players mentally prepare for each serve while ensuring accuracy and power. 

This may include deep breaths or specific foot placement before executing the serve.

Maintaining Proper Body Posture

To effectively generate force during your serve, it’s essential to maintain proper body posture with a level center of gravity throughout movement. 

Focus on keeping your shoulders square to the net and using your entire body – not just your arm – when serving.

Exploring Various Types of Serves

  • Overhand Serve: An aggressive option that requires good hand-eye coordination but can be highly effective in scoring points if executed correctly. Learn more about mastering an overhand serve from this helpful guide.
  • Floater Serve: A strategic choice that involves minimal spin on the ball causing unpredictable movements in flight; check out these tips for performing an effective floater here.
  • Jump Serve: A powerful serve that combines the overhand technique with a jump, adding height and speed to your attack. Discover how to perfect this advanced skill from this tutorial.

Incorporating these tips into your practice will help you develop a formidable serve technique, making you an invaluable asset on the court.

Enhancing Passing Skills through Court Vision

Developing good court vision is a game-changer for any volleyball player. 

It allows you to anticipate where the ball will land, enabling you to position yourself accurately for precise passes. 

This fundamental volleyball technique is necessary for receiving serves or opponent attacks efficiently while observing opponents’ movements throughout each play.

Anticipating Ball Trajectory

To enhance your passing skills, start by learning how to read the ball’s trajectory. 

Observe the flight of the ball and forecast its course based on variables such as velocity, spin, and angle. 

Positioning Oneself Accurately

Your ability to anticipate where the ball will land helps you move into an optimal position quickly and effectively. 

Focus on maintaining proper footwork and body posture when moving around the court – this ensures that you are always ready to make accurate passes. 

Observing Opponents’ Movements

Besides tracking the ball’s movement, it’s essential also to keep an eye on your opponents’ actions during each play. 

By understanding their strategies and tendencies, you can better anticipate their next moves and react accordingly – giving your team a significant advantage.

Incorporate these techniques into your training regimen today, and watch as your passing skills soar.

The Art of Setting in Volleyball

Mastering the art of setting is crucial for any volleyball player, as it sets up teammates for successful attacks. 

To become an expert setter, you need to focus on three key aspects: hand positioning, quick movement into position, and consistent footwork patterns.

Hand Positioning Tips

Proper hand positioning plays a significant role in controlling the ball during sets. 

Keep your fingers wide apart with thumbs pointing upwards to maintain control and put top-spin when required. 

Quick Movement into Position

To execute effective setting plays, you must get into position quickly. 

This requires agility and anticipation skills that can be developed through regular practice sessions focusing on court vision exercises like these drills.

Consistent Footwork Patterns

  • Square Up: Always square up to your target before setting by aligning both feet towards them.
  • Bend Knees: Maintain slightly bent knees while preparing for a set; this allows better balance and power generation.
  • Pivot Step: Use pivot steps to adjust your body angle if needed without losing momentum or stability.
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Incorporating these techniques will undoubtedly improve your overall setting ability – making you an invaluable asset to any volleyball team.

Becoming an Aggressive Hitter or Spiker

One of the most exhilarating aspects of volleyball is hitting or spiking aggressively, which contributes greatly towards scoring points for your team. 

Even shorter players are expected to excel at this skill if they find themselves playing front row positions due to rotation rules within games.

Developing a Powerful Spike

To develop a powerful spike, focus on improving your approach and arm swing technique. 

For right-handed hitters, an effective approach involves a left-right-left motion; conversely, for lefties it is a right-left-right sequence. 

This helps generate momentum as you jump into the air. 

Additionally, practicing proper arm swing mechanics will enable you to hit the ball with maximum force.

Adjusting Techniques for Different Player Heights

Different player heights require adjustments in techniques when it comes to hitting or spiking effectively. 

Shorter players can compensate by increasing their vertical jump height through targeted jump training exercises. 

Moreover, focusing on timing and reading blockers’ movements allows them to exploit gaps in the opponent’s defense successfully.

Understanding Rotation Rules

  • Clockwise rotation: After each side-out (when receiving team wins rally), all six players rotate one position clockwise around the court.
  • New server: The player moving from middle back position becomes new server after every successful side-out won by their team.
  • Maintaining positions: Players must maintain relative positions until serve contact; then they’re free move assigned areas according specific roles (setter, hitter, etc.).

By mastering these hitting techniques and understanding rotation rules, you’ll be well on your way to becoming an aggressive force on the volleyball court.

Mastering the Blocking Technique

Blocking is a crucial skill for any volleyball player, as it helps to prevent opponents from scoring points through powerful attacks. 

To become an effective blocker, you need to master several key techniques and adhere to FIVB regulations. 

Let’s dive into these essential components.

Practicing Shuffle and Crossover Steps

To improve your blocking abilities, start by perfecting your shuffle steps and crossover steps. 

These movements allow you to quickly cover the net area while maintaining balance and stability. 

Make sure to practice both types of footwork regularly during training sessions.

Staying Agile During Blocking Plays

In addition to mastering footwork, staying agile on your toes or balls of feet is vital for reacting rapidly when attempting blocks. 

This agility enables you to change direction swiftly without losing balance or sacrificing height in your jumps.

Adhering to FIVB Regulations

  • Federation Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB): As a volleyball player, it’s important that you’re aware of the rules set forth by the FIVB – the international governing body for this sport. Familiarize yourself with their guidelines regarding net height limits and other specifications related specifically to blocking plays.
  • Maintaining Sportsmanship: Lastly, always remember that fair play should be at the heart of every game. Abide by all official rules while respecting fellow players on both sides of the court.

Honing these skills will undoubtedly elevate your blocking technique in no time. Keep practicing diligently – soon enough; you’ll be an unstoppable force on defense.

The Importance of Digging in Volleyball Defense

Digging is a crucial aspect of volleyball defense, as it refers to recovering balls hit on the ground surface of the court either after a bounce (floor defense) or before they touch the floor (airborne saves). 

Having a good understanding of the art of digging can be essential for enhancing your defensive game and aiding in your team’s success. 

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Let’s dive into some key techniques for effective digging.

Adopting a Low Defensive Stance

To perform successful digs, players should adopt a low defensive stance. 

This position allows you to react quickly and efficiently to incoming balls while maintaining balance. 

Maintain a balanced, low stance with your knees bent and feet spread apart while keeping your hands ready to react.

Employing Rolling Techniques Effectively

Rolling techniques are essential for keeping the ball in play close to surfaces by extending arms fully forward in the direction that body momentum carries them across the court area. 

Practice these moves regularly during training sessions so that they become second nature when playing competitively.

Anticipating Opponents’ Moves

In order to excel at digging, it’s important not only to focus on physical skills but also develop an ability to anticipate opponents’ next moves. By observing their movements and analyzing patterns throughout each play, you’ll be better prepared defensively against any attack.

Building Mental Toughness in Volleyball Players

In addition to physical skills, mental toughness plays a crucial role in volleyball. Players must be prepared psychologically for high-pressure situations and adapt their game tactics accordingly. 

Coaches can help build this mental resilience through targeted drills and exercises that challenge athletes both individually and as part of a group.

Preparing for High-Pressure Situations

To develop mental toughness, players should practice handling stressful scenarios during training sessions. 

This can include simulating tight games or match point situations where every decision counts. 

By repeatedly facing these challenges, players will become more comfortable when faced with similar circumstances during actual matches.

Adapting Game Tactics On-The-Fly

Volleyball is an unpredictable sport, so it’s essential for players to be able to quickly adjust their strategies based on the current state of the game. 

Encourage your team members to think critically about their opponents’ strengths and weaknesses while developing new approaches mid-game if necessary. 

For example, they could try different volleyball strategies, such as varying offensive formations or defensive positioning.

Targeted Drills for Building Mental Resilience

  • Focused Visualization: Have players visualize themselves successfully executing specific skills or overcoming obstacles during gameplay.
  • Mental Rehearsal: Athletes should mentally rehearse challenging moments before stepping onto the court – this helps them feel better prepared when those situations arise in real life.
  • Coping Strategies: Teach your team various coping mechanisms like deep breathing techniques or positive self-talk which they can use under pressure.

Providing your squad with the skills to manage difficult situations through breathing techniques and encouraging language will help them acquire the mental fortitude required for success in volleyball, making them an intimidating team on game day.

FAQs in Relation to Volleyball Techniques

What are 3 common techniques used to play volleyball?

In volleyball, three common techniques include serving, passing, and hitting. Serving initiates the game by sending the ball over the net into the opponent’s court. Passing involves receiving a serve or an attack from opponents and directing it toward a teammate for setting. Hitting is when players jump and strike the ball with force to score points against their opponents.

What is a technique in volleyball?

A technique in volleyball refers to specific skills that players use during gameplay to perform various actions such as serving, passing, setting, hitting (spiking), blocking, and digging. These techniques require proper body positioning, footwork patterns, hand placement, anticipation of ball trajectory, and movement coordination among teammates.

What are the techniques and strategies you can use in playing volleyball?

Volleyball requires mastering several key techniques including serving (float serves or jump serves), passing (forearm pass or overhead pass), setting (back set or quick set), hitting/spiking (line shot or cross-court shot), blocking (solo block or double block), and digging. Strategies involve effective communication between team members along with anticipating opponents’ moves while adapting game tactics on-the-fly.

What are some examples of incorrect techniques in playing volleyball?

Incorrect techniques in playing volleyball may include improper body posture during serving/passing/hitting/blocking/digging; not maintaining consistent footwork patterns; poor hand positioning when contacting the ball; failing to anticipate opponents’ movements; lack of agility during defensive plays; violating FIVB regulations regarding rotation.


Mastering the six major volleyball techniques can help players of all levels improve their game. 

From serving and passing to hitting and blocking, each technique requires practice, precision, and attention to detail. 

With consistent effort and targeted drills, players can enhance their skills on the court.

Building mental toughness is also crucial for success in volleyball. 

Players must be able to adapt quickly to changing situations and maintain focus under pressure. 

To achieve peak performance, athletes must cultivate mental fortitude through challenging practice and resilience-building exercises.

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